Parasol House

For every room a garden. Informed by traditional housing typologies of the region, Parasol House comprises a group of six chambers, each opening onto a private garden, surrounded by a protecting wall that can mediate solar gain, outlooks and privacy.

Project team:
Andrew Burns, Jaymus Lim, Hannah Hill-Wade

Architecture AND have completed the design of a dwelling set within the desert of Saudi Arabia. Informed by the twin typologies of traditional courtyard houses and fabric pavilions, the design integrates these typologies into a singular gesture - a strong masonry base capped by a parasol roof.

The parasol roof caps the building form, recalling vernacular structures of the context.

Short section.

Sectional complexity is provided through the provision of a subterranean pool, creating a source of cool air to be distributed throughout the dwelling through a series of plenums.

The operable roof can be retracted to enable direct sun to penetrate deeply into the plan, or alternatively projected to provide an additional layer of overhead shading.

Operable roof and facade.

Living space.

Plan. A series of six chambers opening to courtyard gardens.

Stairs are arranged in sequence, providing a dramatic three storey interconnected column that bisects the plan. The staircase is open air, promoting the distribution of breezes throughout the building.

Long section.

Roof terrace, parasol open to provide outlook to sky and drive passive cooling.

The masonry perimeter wall results in the creation of a series of internalised gardens, with glazed walls enabling full connection between interior and exterior. Within the perimeter wall, shutters can be closed for shading or open to reveal views of the surrounding landscape.

A garden between the interior glazing line and masonry wall mediates the surrounding landscape.

Each space connects to a private garden.

Subterranean pool.